4 Keys to Fat Loss Beyond “Eat Less and Move More”

By Jen Comas

eatlessmovemore-450x300Diet and exercise get all of the attention when it comes to fat loss. While they both do play a major role in the process, it’s not quite as simple as the outdated “eat less and move more” mantra that so many people repeat with full conviction. That approach can work for a while, but there’s more to it than that.

I’m going to share with you the four things that I emphasize with my clients to make sure that they continue to make progress. I’ll also give you some troubleshooting questions to ask yourself if your fat loss progress has stalled.

1. Less Zzzzz’s = More Pastries

I know what you’re thinking— “More sleep talk? Borrrrrring!” I understand. Sleep isn’t an exciting topic. However, if you’re serious about optimizing your health, and/or losing fat, there are some things about sleep that you must to know.

hands-donuts-450x300If my client’s fat loss stalls, I don’t start analyzing her food intake, or increasing her exercise frequency or intensity. Instead, I look at her sleep quality and quantity, and her chronic stress level. Really. It’s that important.

We are a chronically sleep-deprived, over-stressed society. Each of these on their own can cause health problems and hinder fat loss. Combine them, and it’s a double-whammy.

Have you noticed that when you are exhausted you feel hungrier than usual? This is not your imagination. Not getting enough sleep affects leptin and ghrelin, which are (to oversimplify) your hunger hormones.

If you're not getting enough sleep, you're more likely to reach for sweets at times when you otherwise wouldn't.

A sleep deficit will make you hungrier and more impulsive, and you’ll have a strong craving for high-carbohydrate foods. This makes avoiding the muffins at the coffee shop, or turning down the donuts at the office a nearly impossible feat.

Being chronically under-slept can also mean elevated cortisol and insulin resistance. This doesn’t bode well for fat loss, much less your overall health.

If this isn’t enough reason to turn in a bit earlier, let me remind you that adequate sleep is also imperative for cognitive function, maintaining a sunny disposition, and having a steady supply of energy so that you can keep up with your kids on the playground, run around with your dog, lift heavier weights, and all the other active things you love to do.


  • Am I averaging at least seven hours of sleep per night?
  • If I’m not, am I willing to make concessions to ensure I get a little more shut-eye? (For example: can you record your favorite show rather than stay up to watch it? Can you turn your phone off earlier to avoid the temptation to stay up perusing social media?)

2. Out-Training Your Diet

Back when I was the reigning Cardio Queen, I felt like I could never get enough food. I used to love a particular 90-minute, high-intensity cardio kickboxing class. It was a blast, the music was awesome, and all of my friends went. The problem was that it revved up my appetite so much that I would race home to eat… and eat, and eat.

group-fitness-kickboxing-450x304Whether it's running or intense strength training—or even a cardio kickboxing class, as it was in my case—it's important to pay attention to how your fitness activities affect your hunger.

It took me many years to realize that high-intensity, steady-state exercise is not the best approach for me, because it turns me into a bottomless pit. It was far too easy for me to “out-eat” my training, which meant I was forever spinning my wheels.

We always recommend applying the Minimum Effective Dose to your training. While we appreciate that you love exercise, it’s important that you do just enough to elicit the desired results, while keeping your hormones happy and your appetite in check.

For most women, this typically means two or three heavy strength training days, one or two short-duration HIIT (high-intensity interval training) sessions, and no more than a couple of moderate-intensity, steady-state cardio sessions per week.

Getting too aggressive with exercise and doing an obscene amount of cardio, spending hours in the weight room each day, or doing two-a-day training sessions, can lead to a voracious appetite—which is probably not in line with your goals.


  • Is any type exercise that I’m doing increasing my appetite to the point that it may be sabotaging, instead of supporting, my goals?
  • What kind of exercise can I do instead to see how that makes me feel? (Example: instead of running for 45 minutes, how about trying a 15-minute session of intervals? Instead of that 60-minute Spin class, how about breaking it up into two 30-minute moderate-intensity cardio sessions throughout the week?)

3. Satiation Instead of Deprivation

When people think of fat loss, most think this means eating the same boring foods, Groundhog Day-style. Dry chicken breast, soggy broccoli, egg whites, oats, and protein powder, day in and day out.

This can work, sure. There's nothing nutritionally wrong with it. But I can promise you one thing: it won’t work for long, unless you actually love to eat like this and truly feel satisfied. A person can only tolerate so much bland, crappy food that she doesn't even like before she frantically waves the white flag, and dives into a pile of junk food, never to return to her George Foreman grill again.

The key to being able to stick with your nutrition approach is to ensure that you love what you’re eating. You have to enjoy your food in order to be satisfied. If you choke down a meal that you hate, the likelihood that you’ll be foraging through your pantry afterwards for something to please your palate is extremely high.

Eating well does not have to be boring and unsatisfying.

Thanks to the Internet, there are millions of recipes right at your fingertips. While it may take you 20 minutes to bake a week's worth of bland chicken breasts, it would only take you an additional few minutes to whip up a tasty sauce for them, try a new seasoning blend, or another way of cooking them. You can bake, broil, roast, crockpot, grill, steam, or sauté your food into a tastebud explosion with just a tiny bit more effort. Trust me, it’s worth it.

Better tasting food means you have an enjoyable eating experience, which leaves you satisfied and happy.


  • Am I currently eating foods I can’t stand, but I eat them because I feel like I’m “supposed” to?
  • What can I do to those foods, or what can I substitute, to enjoy my eating experience?
  • Can I spare an extra 10-20 minutes per day to improve the taste of my food? (Hint: The answer here is yes.)

4. Cardio

Cardio is a funny thing. For a while, it’s all many women wanted to do. Thankfully, things are evolving, and a growing number of women have embraced the empowering feeling of slinging some heavy iron. The only downside to that is that cardio has started to get lambasted. Cardio, like most other things, can be a wonderful tool when it’s used correctly.

Be smart about doing cardio. While some is often beneficial, more isn't always better.

Is cardio necessary for everyone who wants to get leaner? Not really. But if you find that you’re a bit stuck, incorporating a couple of sessions per week could help.

feet-on-treadmill-450x300Moderate-intensity steady-state cardio is a way to burn calories, sure. More importantly, it improves work capacity, which can mean improved training. It can also aid in recovery from your strength workouts.

This is not a pass for a cardio free-for-all. Whatever form of cardio you choose, please make sure that you’re doing the type that keeps stress low, and your hunger under control.


  • What kind of cardio do I enjoy most? Brisk walking, biking, riding the elliptical?
  • Can I spare 20 minutes twice a week to incorporate some low/moderate-intensity cardio?
  • How did that cardio make me feel? Do I feel in control of my appetite? Do I feel energized? If the answer to those questions is yes, stick with it for a few weeks and see what changes you notice.

As you can see, when it comes to fat loss, there is more to the equation than simply restricting food intake, and doing more exercise. If you find yourself stuck and not making any progress, take a look at these four things, and see if making a few changes can help push things forward. One last, but important note: Once you make a change, stick with it for a few weeks, and then evaluate your progress.


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  • Why meal plans don't work (and what to do instead)
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  • How to overcome two major roadblocks concerning your hunger and cravings
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About the author:  Jen Comas

Jen Comas is a Girls Gone Strong co-founder and GGS Coaching Head Coach, as well as a NASM Personal Trainer and USAW Level One Weightlifting coach. She has competed in figure and trained as a powerlifter, teaches and practices yoga, and is obsessed with motorcycles, dirt biking, and downhill mountain biking. Learn about Jen on her website and follow her adventures on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter.

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